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Hekate - CTCaer mod & Nyx 5.6.2

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Hekate es una aplicación de personalización para Nintendo Switch que incluye bootloader, parcheador de firmware, herramientras varias y más.

Bootloader folders and files:

  • bootloader: Main folder.
  • |__ bootlogo.bmp: It is used when custom is on and no logopath found. Can be skipped.
  • |__ hekate_ipl.ini: Main bootloader configuration and boot entries.
  • |__ patches.ini: Add external patches. Can be skipped. A template can be found here
  • |__ update.bin: If newer, it is loaded at boot. For modchips. Auto updated. Can be skipped.
  • bootloader/ini/: For individual inis. 'More configs...' menu. Autoboot is supported.
  • bootloader/res/: Nyx user resources. Icons and more.
  • |__ background.bmp: Nyx - custom background.
  • |__ icon_switch.bmp: Nyx - Default icon for CFWs.
  • |__ icon_payload.bmp: Nyx - Default icon for Payloads.
  • |__ icon_lakka.bmp: Nyx - Default icon for Lakka.
  • bootloader/sys/: For system modules.
  • |__ emummc.kipmemu: MMC KIP1 module. Important!
  • |__ libsys_lp0.bso: LP0 (sleep mode) module. Important!
  • |__ libsys_minerva.bso: Minerva Training Cell. Used for DRAM Frequency training. Important!
  • |__ nyx.bin: Nyx - Our GUI. Important!
  • |__ res.pak: Nyx resources package. Important!
  • bootloader/screenshots/: Folder where Nyx screenshots are saved
  • bootloader/payloads/: For payloads. 'Payloads...' menu. Autoboot only supported by including them into an ini. All CFW bootloaders, tools, Linux payloads are supported.
  • bootloader/libtools/: Future reserved
  • sept: Sept folder. This must always get updated via the Atmosphère release zip. Needed for tools and booting HOS on 7.0.0 and up. Unused for booting HOS if fss0= key is defined.

Note: Sept files for booting 7.0.0 and up are expected at /sept folder at root of sd card.





Bootloader configuration

The bootloader can be configured via 'bootloader/hekate_ipl.ini' (if it is present on the SD card). Each ini section represents a boot entry, except for the special section 'config' that controls the global configuration.

There are four possible type of entries. "[ ]": Boot entry, "{ }": Caption, "#": Comment, "newline": .ini cosmetic newline.

Global Configuration keys/values when boot entry is config:

  • autoboot=00: Disable, #: Boot entry number to auto boot.
  • autoboot_list=00: Read autoboot boot entry from hekate_ipl.ini, 1: Read from ini folder (ini files are ASCII ordered).
  • bootwait=30: Disable (It also disables bootlogo. Having VOL- pressed since injection goes to menu.), #: Time to wait for VOL- to enter menu.
  • autohosoff=10: Disable, 1: If woke up from HOS via an RTC alarm, shows logo, then powers off completely, 2: No logo, immediately powers off.
  • autonogc=10: Disable, 1: Automatically applies nogc patch if unburnt fuses found and a >= 4.0.0 HOS is booted.
  • updater2p=00: Disable, 1: Force updates (if needed) the reboot2payload binary to be hekate.
  • backlight=100: Screen backlight level. 0-255.

Nyx Global Configuration keys/values for (nyx.ini):

  • themecolor=167 Sets Nyx color of text highlights.
  • timeoff=100 Sets time offset in HEX. Must be in HOS epoch format
  • homescreen=0 Sets home screen. 0: Home menu, 1: All configs (merges Launch and More configs), 2: Launch, 3: More Configs.
  • verification=10: Disable Backup/Restore verification, 1: Sparse (block based, fast and mostly reliable), 2: Full (sha256 based, slow and 100% reliable).
  • umsemmcrw=11: eMMC/emuMMC UMS will be mounted as writable by default.

Boot entry key/value combinations:

  • warmboot={SD path} Replaces the warmboot binary
  • secmon={SD path} Replaces the security monitor binary
  • kernel={SD path} Replaces the kernel binary
  • kip1={SD path} Replaces/Adds kernel initial process. Multiple can be set.
  • kip1={SD folder}/* Loads every .kip/.kip1 inside a folder. Compatible with single kip1 keys.
  • fss0={SD path} Takes a fusee-secondary binary and extracts all needed parts from it. kips, exosphere, warmboot and sept.
  • fss0experimental=1 Enables loading of experimental content from a FSS0 storage
  • kip1patch=patchname Enables a kip1 patch. Specify with multiple lines and/or as CSV. If not found, an error will show up
  • fullsvcperm=1 Disables SVC verification (full services permission)
  • debugmode=1 Enables Debug mode. Obsolete when used with exosphere as secmon.
  • atmosphere=1 Enables Atmosphère patching.
  • emupath={SD folder} Forces emuMMC to use the selected one. (=emuMMC/RAW1, =emuMMC/SD00, etc). emuMMC must be created by hekate because it uses the raw_based/file_based files.
  • emummcforce=1 Forces the use of emuMMC. If emummc.ini is disabled or not found, then it causes an error.
  • emummc_force_disable=1 Disables emuMMC, if it's enabled.
  • stock=1 Disables unneeded kernel patching when running stock or semi-stock. If emuMMC is enabled, emummc_force_disabled=1 is required. emuMMC is not supported on stock. If additional KIPs are needed other than OFW's, you can define them with kip1 key. No kip should be used that relies on Atmosphère patching, because it will hang. If NOGC is needed, use kip1patch=nogc.
  • id=idname Identifies boot entry for forced boot via id. Max 7 chars.
  • payload={SD path} Payload launching. Tools, Linux, CFW bootloaders, etc.
  • logopath={SD path} If no logopath, bootloader/bootlogo.bmp will be used if exists. If logopath exists, it will load the specified bitmap.
  • icon={SD path} Force Nyx to use the icon defined here. If this is not found, it will check for a bmp named as the boot entry ([Test 2] -> bootloader/res/Test 2.bmp). Otherwise default will be used.

Boot entry key/value Exosphère combinations:

  • nouserexceptions=1 Disables usermode exception handlers when paired with Exosphère.
  • userpmu=1 Enables user access to PMU when paired with Exosphère.
  • cal0blank=1 Overrides Exosphère config blank_prodinfo_{sys/emu}mmc. If that key doesn't exist, exosphere.ini will be used.
  • cal0writesys=1 Overrides Exosphère config allow_writing_to_cal_sysmmc. If that key doesn't exist, exosphere.ini will be used.

Note1: When using the wildcard (/*) with kip1 you can still use the normal kip1 after that to load extra single kips.

Note2: When using FSS0 it parses exosphere, warmboot and all core kips. You can override the first 2 by using secmon/warmboot after defining fss0. You can define kip1 to load an extra kip or many via the wildcard (/*) usage.

Warning: Never define fss0 core kips when using fss0 and make sure that the folder (when using /*), does not include them. This is in case the kips are incompatible between them. If compatible, you can override fss0 kips with no issues (useful for testing with intermediate kip changes).

Payload storage:

hekate has a boot storage in the binary that helps it configure it outside of BPMP enviroment:

  • '0x94' boot_cfgbit0: Force AutoBoot, bit1: Show launch log, bit2: Boot from ID, bit3: Boot to emuMMC, bit6: Boot to UMS, bit7: sept run.
  • '0x95' autobootIf Force AutoBoot: 0: Force go to menu, else boot that entry.
  • '0x96' autoboot_listIf Force AutoBoot and autoboot then it boots from ini folder.
  • '0x97' extra_cfgbit7: Force Nyx to run Dump pkg1/2.
  • '0x98' xt_str[128] Depends on the set cfg bits.
  • '0x98' ums[1] When Boot to UMS is set, it will launch the selected UMS. 0: SD, 1: eMMC BOOT0, 2: eMMC BOOT1, 3: eMMC GPP, 4: emuMMC BOOT0, 5: emuMMC BOOT1, 6: emuMMC GPP,
  • '0x98' id[8] When Boot from ID is set, it will search all inis automatically and find the boot entry with that id and boot it. Must be NULL terminated.
  • '0xA0' emummc_path[120] When Boot to emuMMC is set, it will override the current emuMMC (boot entry or emummc.ini). Must be NULL terminated.

If the main .ini is not found, it is created on the first hekate boot.

  • Thanks to: derrek, nedwill, plutoo, shuffle2, smea, thexyz, yellows8.
  • Greetings to: fincs, hexkyz, SciresM, Shiny Quagsire, WinterMute.

Open source and free packages used:

  • FatFs R0.13a, Copyright (c) 2017, ChaN
  • bcl-1.2.0, Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Marcus Geelnard
  • Atmosphère (Exosphere types/panic, prc id kernel patches),
  • elfload, Copyright (c) 2014 Owen Shepherd, Copyright (c) 2018 M4xw
  • Littlev Graphics Library, Copyright (c) 2016 Gabor Kiss-Vamosi

by CTCaer.

Que novedades incluye la versión 5.6.2


  • Soporte para HOS 13.0.0
    • Mensajes de error mejorados para la discrepancia de pkg1 / pkg2
    • Mensaje de error mejorado en fatal debido a componentes Atmosphere mixtos debido a la ruta anterior en la clave fss0.
    • Se corrigieron algunos problemas con el ID de emuMMC en v.5.6.2:
      • Tamaño de ID de emuMMC fijo
        • Esto solo afecta a los usuarios que usan más de 1 emuMMC y realmente se preocupan por la ID
      • Establezca el ID de emuMMC cuando se use emupath = key y emuMMC cambie sobre la marcha con una entrada de arranque

Aviso sobre Atmosphere 1.0.0 y versiones posteriores: fss0 = atmosfera / fusee-secundaria.bin en hekate_ipl.ini debe cambiarse a fss0 = atmosphere / paquete3

Aviso sobre emuMMC redimensionado: emuMMC redimensionado no tiene el error lento desde v5.6.0. Puede crear uno nuevo o volver a crearlo a través de Nyx y el problema desaparecerá.

Cambios emuMMC

  • Soporte para HOS 13.0.0
  • EmuMMC de tamaño lento fijo
  • Ahora está garantizado tan rápido como completo.
  • La creación de un emuMMC redimensionado debe realizarse a través de Nyx, ya que tiene la solución adecuada durante el proceso de creación.

Cambios en Nyx v1.0.7

  • Soporte para HOS 13.0.0
  • Botón de llaves TSEC reemplazado con Lockpick RCM
  • Requiere Lockpick RCM 1.9.5 o posterior en bootloader / payloads / Lockpick_RCM.bin
  • Cambio / Creación / Migración de emuMMC ahora usa un ID de emuMMC único generado a partir de la carpeta de emuMMC.
  • Información agregada sobre nuevos paneles táctiles
  • Se agregó información sobre más nombres de fabricantes de tarjetas SD

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